Iranian Culture Final Exam - Laila Yazdani Iranian Culture...

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Laila Yazdani Iranian Culture MS324K Final Exam Part 1: In a sentence or two, answer the following questions. 1.1) Traditional Iranian carpet designs commonly embody the ideal, celestial garden, which represents the attempts of the Iranian people in keeping springtime, the most beautiful and paradise-like time of the year, alive in the household all year round. Another common theme that can be seen in Iranian carpet design is arabesque and religious imagery commonly seen in carpets in mosques, conveying the influence of Islam on the Iranian people after 7 th century C.E. 1.2) In The Rebirth of Rostam , the main cultural issue that is highlighted is the idea that the blood of youth should be sacrificed to give life to elder generations. In this film, this can be seen when Feredowsi is shown writing the ending of the Shahnameh , where he changes his first draft of the story in which Sohrab is the victor to the true ending of the tragic story in which Rostam comes out as the victory. 1.3) In postage stamp number 44, an image of sabze is displayed with a rose sprouting behind it, representing Eide Nowruz . This celebratory New Years event in which the start of the spring season is welcomed and praised portrays the significance of springtime for the Iranian people, the most celestial and ideal time of the year, that Iranians aim to keep alive all year round. 1.4) In the contemporary Persian painting presented in the course syllabus, an image of a man with a crown being transported in a carriage by four horses is depicted. This highlights the role of the horse used both in and out of battle as “man’s best friend” throughout the course of Persian history. The status of the man in the image can be seen through his dominance over four horses. 1.5) In Jalal Al-Ahmad’s “Seh’tar,” the character shows an obsessive love for his seh’tar instrument, which leads to his isolation and rejection by society. His seh’tar, which upon its breaking leaves the musician in utter devastation, is the portal through which he purges all of his emotions and finds true meaning in his life and a connection to his natural and spiritual world. This theme of devotion and passion for classical Persian art forms such as music and poetry is still alive and well in the hearts of the Iranian peoples. 1.6) In the course text Funny in Farsi: A Memoir of Growing Up Iranian in America , incompatibility between the Persian and American culture can be seen the modesty, both in physical appearance as well as modesty and privacy of family matters, that is upheld in the Iranian culture that is not upheld in the American culture. 1.7) Sadegh Hedayat’s text The Blind Owl appears to be significantly influenced by the pre- modern Persian works of Nima Yushij. The two writers similarly showed distrust of the government, a carpe diem mentality, as well as a secluded life from the people of society, whom they believed would never accept their understanding of life. This can be seen in Nima
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Iranian Culture Final Exam - Laila Yazdani Iranian Culture...

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