review - -Prompt may draw from lecture about the increased...

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11/30/11 -don’t get caught up in trying to categorize people -how does Voltaire fit in thought he is not a scientist? Voltaire is an important philosophical bridge to the enlightenment. Brings over Newtonian philosophy. -Boyle was leading figure in propagating the idea of controlled experimentation as applicable to the natural world -be prepared to write about newton’s major works, give a date, be prepared to write about optics, talk about newton’s methods -Newtonian analysis: breaking down motion -John Locke, opposed to Hobbes about how individuals fit into government, believed in the goodness of man, man has great potential -Be able to write about Newton’s mathematical laws. -Hobbes didn’t like what Newton did because it wasn’t philosophical. To Hobbes, if it isn’t philosophical then it isn’t scientific. It is not speculative and doesn’t attempt to answer the largest questions. Mathematics as inferior to natural philosophy.
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Unformatted text preview: -Prompt may draw from lecture about the increased authority of scientists and science by 1700. Why was this so and what are the effects. Newton a giant figure in this among other things. Newton’s laws of motion 1. Inertia - The velocity of a body remains constant unless the body is acted upon by an external force. 2. f=ma, mass x acceleration, acceleration is change in velocity over time. Newton was the first to even describe and define these forces. 3. The mutual forces of action and reaction between two bodies are equal, opposite and collinear. Huygens, Dutch astronomer. What is the strange shape of Saturn? He figures out that they are rings around Saturn, fixed Descartes’ laws of motion. Invented the pendulum clock for accurate timekeeping. Found centrifugal force law. Robert Hooke, describing cells in Micrographia Royal Society in London, 1660, rise of experimentation Hypotheses non fingo Optics-...
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas.

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