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SCI-HIS NOTES- EX1 - 15:03:00 ARISTOTELIANSYSTEM , ( shape...

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19/09/2011 15:03:00 ARISTOTELIAN SYSTEM Aristotle was seen as an important thinking, but his ideas didn’t dominate Connection between form and matter (objects are combinations of form and  shape) At Lyceum, lecture-like notes of what Aristotle said; not well polished; written  by students Elements: o System for organizing knowledge about what you already know- not  something new o A place for everything and everything in its place 4 kinds of cause of an object: o material cause- what it’s made of o efficient cause- work put into producing it o formal cause- idea of it o final cause- purpose- what is it for? Why made? o Reasoning by categories Aristotle’s cosmos: violent motions- forced, going against nature by outside  force.   o Things return to their “natural place”- if displaced they will try to return  to the center of the universe if it can (objects fall because of natural  place) Heavens: realm beyond moon Being- nothing changes like thing on earth do; circular motion because  perfect- repeats World below orbit of moon: our world; things change.  4 elements; heaven  made from the 5 th  element Nested spheres.  Earth at center, everything revolves around it Astronomy vs cosmology o Astronomy: a science devoted to recording and predicting motions of  heavenly bodies.  Repeating pattern o Cosmology:  concerned with actual physical structure of universe-  what’s in it, how does it work Sublunary sphere- nothing changes as things do on earth
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ARABIC SCIENCE Strong interest in astrology Rise of “mystery religions” Hermetecism:  magic/mysticism Laboratories created by alchemists Algorithm:  from Al Porithne(?)- mathematician Ibn Sina- worked in many fields.  Full of self.  Practiced as physician but wrote  math, physics… textbook; built on Greek learning; typically wrote  commentaries on other texts  Ibn Rushd- physician, philosopher; didn’t translate works himself- had 
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SCI-HIS NOTES- EX1 - 15:03:00 ARISTOTELIANSYSTEM , ( shape...

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