Scientific Rev. Test 3 - Societies,Journals,andTheories...

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Societies, Journals, and Theories 15:56 Not many physicists back in 1700s Medical doctors were more numerous; several thousand in the world with university  training and many more who were self-taught Only a few, mostly at a few medical universities, would be considered medical  researchers/scientists Concept as scientist as distinct role in society did not exist Not sepearated from natural philosopher Word “scientist” did not exist Now, science is centered at universities; then, many were trained at universities but  made their careers elsewhere Court patrons, tutors, royal physicians, etc. Growth of a market for vernacular learning was an important turning point Accademia dei Lincei (Lincean Academy/Academy of the Lynxes) Founded in Rome by Frederico Cesi in 1603 Small group of his friends until 1611 when they induct Galileo and other big figures Focused on natural history and Galilean physics Broke up after Cesi’s death in 1630 Cesi was supposed to publish Galileo’s “Dialogue,” but G had to do it on his own  elsewhere Accademia del Cimento (Academy of Experiment) Founded in Florence in 1657 by Prince Leopold de Medici Couldn’t talk about things that were controversial (like Copernicus or the physics of  motion) Focused on something “safe”   experimentation
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Idea that developed: group of people that would get together and do experiments  together Joint activity Published account of their experiences Broke up c. 1667 as the members got jobs and whatnot Center of science was shifting from Italy to NW Europe Group centered on Friar Marin Mersenne (1588-1648) Founded in Paris Monk (but not deterred by problems G had), friend of Descartes One man scientific journal Send your discoveries and new info to Mersenne and he would publish it and send it out  to people who needed to know Montmor Academy  1640s-50s Paris scientific salon, run by Pierre Gassendi Contemporary and rival of Descartes New science was becoming quite fashionable, particularly in Paris People would come to salon to talk about exciting new ideas, but not really to do any  experiments and whatnot Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge 1600 to present Founded by English Baconians Secured royal charter from King Charles II in 1662, but remained amateur and self- supporting Restoration of the monarchy after the English Revolution
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Intent on setting up something like Bacon’s Salomon’s House Wanted to improve science and science alone Not very selective – if you were of the right social class and had the money for dues,  you could join Most of the work and meetings were focused at Gresham College
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Scientific Rev. Test 3 - Societies,Journals,andTheories...

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