SR-02-Aristotle - objects (outside the Heavens) consist of...

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The Aristotelian System Plato (427–347 BC), Athens — influenced by Pythagorean belief in the primacy of mathematics; developed ‘theory of forms,’ emphasized geometry. Aristotle (384–322 BC); from Macedonia; studied at Plato’s Academy in Athens; later set up his own Lyceum there. Developed comprehensive intellectual system; we will focus on his logic and natural philosophy. fire air water earth dry wet cool hot water earth ether Aristotle's elements sublunary sphere air fire Aristotle taught that all material
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Unformatted text preview: objects (outside the Heavens) consist of combinations of four elements : fire air water earth derived from two opposing pairs of sensible qualities : hotcool and wetdry. In Aristotles cosmos, each element tends toward its natural place relative to the center of the universe. Aristotle distinguished sharply between the changeable Earth, made of the four sublunary elements, and the eternal Heavens, made of ether ....
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