SR-02-Aristotle - objects(outside the Heavens consist of...

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The Aristotelian System Plato (427–347 BC), Athens — influenced by Pythagorean belief in the primacy of mathematics; developed ‘theory of forms,’ emphasized geometry. Aristotle (384–322 BC); from Macedonia; studied at Plato’s Academy in Athens; later set up his own Lyceum there. Developed comprehensive intellectual system; we will focus on his logic and natural philosophy. fire air water earth dry wet cool hot water earth ether Aristotle's elements sublunary sphere air fire Aristotle taught that all material
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Unformatted text preview: objects (outside the Heavens) consist of combinations of four elements : fire air water earth derived from two opposing pairs of sensible qualities : hot–cool and wet–dry. In Aristotle’s cosmos, each element tends toward its ‘ natural place ’ relative to the center of the universe. Aristotle distinguished sharply between the changeable Earth, made of the four ‘sublunary’ elements, and the eternal Heavens, made of ‘ ether .’...
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