Unformatted text preview: sought out Arabic scientific texts and Arabic versions of Greek texts, translated them into Latin. Main translation centers were in Spain, Southern Italy, and Sicily. First European universities were established in late 1100s–early 1200s at Bologna, Padua, Paris, and Oxford; served to facilitate the assimilation of ancient learning. Medieval universities offered instruction in four faculties: theology — ‘Queen of the Sciences’ medicine — based largely on Galen and Avicenna law — mainly Roman and canon law ‘arts’ — largest of the faculties; preparatory to others; focused on logic After initial controversies, Aristotle’s teachings acquired great prestige in medieval Europe; St. Thomas Aquinas (c.1225–1274) and others developed a Christianized version of Aristotelianism that, as ‘ scholasticism ,’ provided the foundation for most later medieval European thought....
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- Fall '11
- Scientific Revolution, Latin Christian scholars, Hunayn Ibn Ishaq, Greek texts, Arabic scientific texts, early centuries AD