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Unformatted text preview: printing press . Technology spread rapidly through Europe. By facilitating the multiplication, dissemination, preservation, and comparison of texts, printing helped transform the material basis of European intellectual life in 1500s. The Protestant Reformation; rise of skepticism In 1517, Martin Luther posted his theses, bringing to a head longstanding doctrinal and political tensions within the Catholic Church. Luthers ideas spread rapidly through printed books and pamphlets; set off schisms and religious wars. Catholic Church responded by launching Counter-Reformation : Council of Trent (154563) tightened doctrine and discipline; Jesuit order founded. Continual wrangling over religious questions fed an undercurrent of skepticism in later 16th c. that affected attitudes toward all knowledge, including science. Responses to such skepticism became a major theme in the Scientific Revolution....
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.
- Fall '11
- Scientific Revolution