SR-05-New Worlds - printing press . Technology spread...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The New Worlds of the 16th Century Exploration Portuguese began sailing down west coast of Africa in 1400s, seeking route to Indies. Worked systematically to improve ships, magnetic compasses , celestial navigation , cartography. Spanish took up Christopher Columbus, financed his 1492 voyage into Atlantic. Dawning realization that he had discovered a ‘ new world ’ fed 16th c. Europeans’ confidence that they could surpass the ancients , produce new knowledge. Spanish efforts to gather and catalog information on the New World set influential pattern. The Printing Presss Elizabeth Eisenstein, The Printing Press as an Agent of Change (1979) Adrian Johns, The Nature of the Book (1998) Before about 1450, all texts were hand copied; relatively rare and expensive. Manuscripts, especially of technical material, were often corrupted during hand copying; knowledge tended to decay over time. Around 1450, Johann Gutenberg of Mainz, Germany, devised movable type
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: printing press . Technology spread rapidly through Europe. By facilitating the multiplication, dissemination, preservation, and comparison of texts, printing helped transform the material basis of European intellectual life in 1500s. The Protestant Reformation; rise of skepticism In 1517, Martin Luther posted his theses, bringing to a head longstanding doctrinal and political tensions within the Catholic Church. Luthers ideas spread rapidly through printed books and pamphlets; set off schisms and religious wars. Catholic Church responded by launching Counter-Reformation : Council of Trent (154563) tightened doctrine and discipline; Jesuit order founded. Continual wrangling over religious questions fed an undercurrent of skepticism in later 16th c. that affected attitudes toward all knowledge, including science. Responses to such skepticism became a major theme in the Scientific Revolution....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas at Austin.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online