SR-07-Vesalius - — Otto Brunfels Herbarum vivae...

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The new anatomy: Vesalius’s De Fabrica Greek and Roman scholars and physicians compiled natural histories of plants, animals, and minerals, and made close studies of human anatomy . Because it was hard to make accurate copies of images, however, they tended to become increasingly schematic over time; most devolved into little more than stick figures. Anatomical study reached a high level in Alexandria (c. 280 BC), based on human dissections, but stagnated after Romans banned such dissections. Galen (AD 129–216) brought together medical and anatomical knowledge in a comprehensive way, but based some important points on dissections of animals. Human dissections reintroduced with Church approval in Europe in late 13th century; conducted mainly to provide ‘live’ illustrations for texts by Galen and the Italian physician Mondino (1270–1326). Advent of printing in mid-1400s stimulated work in natural history and anatomy; often illustrated with woodcuts, later with copper plate engravings:
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Unformatted text preview: — Otto Brunfels, Herbarum vivae eicones (‘Portraits of living plants’), 1530–36. — Conrad Gesner, Historiae animalium , 1551–58. Andreas Vesalius (1514–1564), Belgian-born anatomist and physician; performed many dissections, established high reputation at early age. In 1537 began teaching at Padua, leading medical university of the time. Worked with artists to produce and print detailed anatomic illustrations, culminating in 1543 book De Humani Corporis Fabrica (‘On the Fabric of the Human Body’). Beautiful woodcuts preserved and disseminated results of his many dissections; gave anatomical knowledge a secure foundation on which to build. Vesalius focused on close description rather than theory; followed Galen on overall structure and functioning of body, but brought out points where Galen’s reliance on animal dissections led to errors about human anatomy....
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas.

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