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Unformatted text preview: Arabic extensions of Greek learning (Ibn Sina, c. 1010; Ibn Rushd, c. 1150) Arabic to Latin (c. 1050–1200, Spain, Southern Italy); first universities founded c. 1150–1250 (Bologna, Paris, Oxford); synthesis of Christianity and Aristotelianism to produce scholasticism; advent of printing (1450s) expands and transforms world of learning. Experimentalism and natural magic: Paracelsus (1493–1541, German/Swiss): alchemical quest to unlock hidden powers of Nature; doctrine of ‘signatures’ Francis Bacon (1561–1626, English) and his experimental philosophy: inductive empirical method to build general truths from particular facts; calls for systematic cooperative research (‘Salomon’s House’); emphasizes using knowledge to expand human power....
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas.
- Fall '11
- Scientific Revolution