SR-19-Galileo-Church - De Revolutionibus is put on Index of...

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Galileo and the Church 1610–11: Galileo starts aggressively pushing Copernicanism. 1612–14: Galileo’s Aristotelian opponents charge that Copernicanism violates Scripture. Dec. 1613: After questions from Christina de Medici (mother of Grand Duke Cosimo), Galileo sends his protegé Benedetto Castelli an important letter on science and religion. Dec. 1614–Feb. 1615: Dominican monk Nicolo Lorini obtains a copy of Galileo’s letter to Castelli, asks the Roman Inquisition to investigate Galileo for possible heresy. mid-1615: Galileo expands his letter to Castelli into fuller ‘ Letter to Christina ,’ addressing in detail the use of Biblical quotations in matters of science. Feb. 1616: Church theologians rule belief in the motion of the Earth and the immobility of the Sun to be ‘philosophically absurd’ and ‘theologically erroneous.’ Copernicus’s
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Unformatted text preview: De Revolutionibus is put on Index of prohibited books and Galileo is personally warned not to advocate Copernicanism. 1623: Election of his old friend Maffeo Barberini as Pope Urban VIII emboldens Galileo to renew his push for Copernicanism. Starts writing up his long-promised Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems. 1630: After complicated maneuvering, Dialogue is approved by Church censors. Feb. 1632: Dialogue is printed in Florence and goes on sale; draws fire from Galileo’s old enemies—and from Pope Urban, who orders sales stopped in Aug. 1632 and orders Galileo to report to Rome. April 1633: Roman Inquisition begins ‘rigorous examination’ of Galileo on heresy charges. June 1633: Galileo gives in; renounces belief that Earth moves . Condemned to prison for life; spends his last years under house arrest near Florence....
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course HISTORY 322D taught by Professor Hunt during the Fall '11 term at University of Texas.

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