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SR-29-Societies & journals

SR-29-Societies & journals - Paris(1666– present...

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Organizing science: Societies, academies, journals Accademia dei Lincei (Lincean Academy or ‘Academy of the Lynxes’ ), Rome; founded 1603 by Federico Cesi; added Galileo in 1611; focused on natural history and Galilean physics; broke up after Cesi’s death in 1630. Accademia del Cimento (‘Academy of Experiment’) , Florence; founded 1657 by Prince Leopold de Medici. Promoted experimentation; broke up c. 1667. — Group centered on Friar Marin Mersenne (1588–1648), Paris; ‘one-man scientific journal,’ circulated scientific information throughout Europe. — Montmor Academy (1640s–50s), Paris scientific salon, run by Pierre Gassendi Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge (1660–present); founded by English Baconians. Secured royal charter from King Charles II in 1662, but remained amateur and self-supporting. Académie Royale des Sciences (Royal Academy of Sciences),
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Unformatted text preview: Paris (1666– present). Group of elite professionals paid by French state; combination of expert consultants and ornaments of the court. Role of communication in the workings of science: — science as a cooperative enterprise, building on the contributions of others; — science as public knowledge , open to criticism and suggestions; — scientific community rewards publication of results: your discovery isn’t really yours until you give it away (by publishing it). Invention of the scientific journal in the 1660s: — Philosophical Transactions launched in 1665 by Henry Oldenburg (1619–77), first secretary of the Royal Society of London . Reported work of the Society as well as communications from others; promoted Baconian experimental science. — Journal des Sçavans (Paris; founded 1665; articles in French). — Acta Eruditorum (Leipzig; founded 1682; articles in Latin)...
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