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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6: Learning - How Nurture Changes Us Basic Terminology 1. Learning – change in behavior or thought as a result of experience. (学学:学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学) 2. Habituation – process by which we respond less strongly over time to repeated stimuli. (学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学) 3. Sensitization – process by which we respond more strongly over time (especially for dangerous, irritating stimuli) (学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学) Classical Conditioning 1. Ivan Pavlov – studied digestion in dogs; described Classical Conditioning 1) Pavlov described classical conditioning, involving: 1.a.UCS (unconditioned stimulus) – stimulus that produces automatic/unlearned/reflexive response. 1.b. UCR (unconditioned response) – automatic/unlearned/reflexive response to a UCS that occurs without learning. 1.c.CS (conditioned stimulus) – initially neutral stimulus, becomes associated with the UCS. 1.d. CR (conditioned response) – learned response. 2. P235 3. By virtue of CS-UCS pairing, the CS comes to elicit the CR, a response closely related, but not identical, to the UCR. 4. Aversive Conditioning – classical conditioning to an unpleasant UCS. (学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学) 1) Avoidance response (学学学学学) 5. Acquisition – learning phase during which a CR is established. (学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学) 6. Extinction – gradual decrease and elimination of the CR when the CS is presented repeatedly without the UCS. (学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学) 7. P236 8. Spontaneous Recovery – sudden reemergence of an extinguished CR after a delay. (学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学学)...
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course PSY 0010 taught by Professor Joshuafetterman during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.
- Spring '08