Ch. 9 notes

Ch 9 notes - Chapter 9 Intelligence and IQ Testing Controversy and Consensus What is Intelligence 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 It is fairly easily

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Chapter 9: Intelligence and IQ Testing – Controversy and Consensus What is Intelligence ? 1. It is fairly easily recognized… You often know it when you see it. 2. How do you define it? 3. The ability to 1) Acquire and apply knowledge 2) Reason logically 3) Plan effectively 4) Infer perceptively 5) Make sound judgments 6) Solve problems effectively 7) Grasp and visualize abstract concepts 8) Be intuitive 9) Adapt to and strive in new situations 4. Sir Francis Galton (1884) – intelligence is a byproduct (副副副) of sensory capacity. Intelligence as Abstract Thinking 1. Alfred Binet and Henri Simon (1904) – first intelligence test 2. In 1921, a forum of 14 experts agreed that intelligence consists of the abilities to: 1) Reason abstractly 2) Adapt to novel environmental circumstances 3) Acquire knowledge 4) Benefit from experience 3. Americans tend to view intelligence as: 1) The capacity to reason well and learn quickly (“to think on one’s feet”) (副副副副) 2) The ability to amass large amounts of knowledge. (副副副副) The Little Letter g 1. Unlike Galton’s prior sensory measures, the measures on other intelligence tests correlated with one another. 2. Charles Spearman (1927) – these correlations suggest a single common factor across all aspects of mental ability: g for general intelligence 3. Spearman called the specific abilities ( s factors) Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence 1. Raymond Cattell (1971) distinguished two types of intelligence
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1) Fluid Intelligence – “native mental ability”; information processing and speed of
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course PSY 0010 taught by Professor Joshuafetterman during the Spring '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Ch 9 notes - Chapter 9 Intelligence and IQ Testing Controversy and Consensus What is Intelligence 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 It is fairly easily

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