Chapter 7 reedited

Chapter 7 reedited - Chapter 7 Memory Constructing and...

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Chapter 7 Memory
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Memory illusion ( ? ? ? ? ) – a false but convincing memory. Memory is reconstructive – we extract ( ? ? ) the gist ( ? ? ) to make things easier t o remember (but this may contribute to me mory errors) Constructing and reconstructing Our Pasts ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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The Three systems model of me mory: - Sensory, Short-Term, and Long-Term Each system differs in terms of span and d uration ? ? ? ?  ? ? ? ? ?  ? ? ? ? , ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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Sensory Memory very brief storage of perceptual informatio n; each sense has its own form Iconic (visual) and echoic (auditory) memories ? ? ? ? : ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? , ? ? ? ? ? ? ?
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Short term memory limited duration ( <20 seconds ) and capa city (the magic number = 7 ± 2 pieces of in formation) Includes working memory – information we’re actively processing Subject to fast decay and interference ( ? ? ) (2 types) Retroactive inhibition ( ? ? ? ? ) – acquisition of n ew info interferes with retention of old ( ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? )
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How can we aid our short term memory? Chunking ( ? ? ) – organizing info into me aningful groupings to extend the span of S TM beyond 7 ± 2 Rehearsal ( ? ? ) – repeating info to exte nd the duration of STM Maintenance rehearsal ( ? ? ? ? ) – repeatin g stimuli in the original form (ex. Repeating ph one number long enough to dial it) Elaborative rehearsal ( ? ? ? ? )– linking sti muli in a meaningful way
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Long Term Memory Permanent store of information Differs from STM LTM capacity is very large LTM may endure for decades Errors of LTM(semantic ? ? ? ? ? ) differ fro m those of STM(acoustic ? ? ? ? ? )
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What’s in the middle? Forgetting is not random Primacy Effect – tendency to remember w ords at the beginning of a list better than t hose later in the list. ? ? Recency Effect – tendency to remember w
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Chapter 7 reedited - Chapter 7 Memory Constructing and...

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