Psy Chapter 1 - Chapter 1 Science Pseudoscience and...

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Chapter 1 Science, Pseudoscience 伪伪伪 , and Psychology
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Popular Psychology 伪伪伪伪 Self-help: about 3500 self help books are published each year (increasing intelligenc e, memory, depression, and enhancing our sex lives.) The information can be good, misleading, or even dangerous. The internet is easy but misleading and qu estionable.
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Psychology Pseudoscience Pseudoscience: Set of claims that seems scientific but isn’t, lacks safeguards agains t confirmation Bias and Belief perseveranc e 伪伪伪伪 . Metaphysical Claims 伪伪伪伪 : are unfalsifiable 伪伪伪伪伪伪伪伪 ( 伪伪 ) 伪 . Example: God, soul, afterlife.
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Science as a safeguard Confirmation Bias : to seek out evidence that supports our hypothesis and neglect c ontradicting evidence. Belief perseverance: to stick to our initial b eliefs even when evidence contradicts the m.
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Basic principles of critical thinkin g Critical thinking: set of skills for evaluating all claims in an open-minded and careful f ashion.
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