Outlines - Outline for class 2: Introduction to...

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Outline for class 2: Introduction to Psychology/study skills Psychology is a Science I. The science of behavior and mental process Goals of Psychology I. Describe II. Predict (future behavior) III. Understand IV. influence Assumptions of Psychology I. Behavior is (at least somewhat) predictable Basic versus applied research I. Basic: science for the sake of science II. Applied research: attempt to influence III. Basic often leads to applied Evolution of Psychology as a Discipline I. Structuralism I.A. Study conscious experience by breaking it into basic elements I.B. Using introspection II. Gestalt Psychology II.A. “the whole is different than the sum of the parts” II.B. Criticize structuralism III. Functionalism III.A. Criticize structuralism III.B. Mind is too complex to be broken down: stream of consciousness III.C.Function of consciousness - survival IV. Behaviorism and social learning theory IV.A.Behaviorism (obvious measure) A.1. Can’t study conscious experience A.2. Study learning form experience
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IV.B.Social learning theory B.1. Learning from others V. Psychometrics V.A. Measurement of mental function: intelligence, personality, job aptitude VI. The nature of the unconscious mind VI.A.Mental processes of which we’re unaware VI.B.Innate motive/conflicts lead to psychological problems VI.C. psychoanalyses Areas of modern PSY I.A. Biological/ Psychophysiology I.B. Cognitive (broadest): language, thinking, dreaming, etc. I.C. Developmental (whole life) I.D. Clinical/Counseling I.E. Industrial/ Organizational: e.g. business area I.F. Social: group (about social contact) I.G. Educational/ School I.H. Health: how behavior, think affect people’s physical/mental health Study skills (preview of memory) I. Context for learning: aids memory and understanding I.A. Hierarchical organization II. Really study II.A. Main source of “forgetting” is a lack of initial learning III. Distributed, and massed practice IV. Mnemonic devices IV.A.Method of loci A.1. Storing memories for easier recall IV.B.Acronym method B.1. Roy G Biv IV.C. Keyword method
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C.1. 2 nd language learning V. Critical Thinking V.A. Apply concepts to your life A.1. Aid learning and memory A.2. “self explanation” VI. Re-write notes VII. Note cards – good for terminology, not application
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Outline for class 3: Research methods in psychology Doing Science (4 steps) I. Create a theory ( or ideas about how sth. Works) II. Drive hypotheses from theory (specific) III. Test specific hypothesis or hypotheses IV. Accept/Reject hypothesis(es) and revise theory accordingly Basic concepts of research I. Empirical evidence 经经经经 I.A. Publically observable behavior (not introspection) II. Operational definitions IV. Representativeness of samples Types of Methods I. Descriptive Studies I.A. Survey Method: e.g. FAQ A.1. Advantages: easy, quick
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course ECON 0200 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Pittsburgh.

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Outlines - Outline for class 2: Introduction to...

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