Organizing the living world

Organizing the living world - Organizing the living world...

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Page 1 Organizing the living world BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 1 Organizing the living world Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 2 Some initial definitions Classification Taxonomy Systematics Hierarchical Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 3 All organisms, from simple single celled protozoans to complex organisms such as insects and humans, classify their surrounding environment; often using simple dichotomous (Yes or No) outcomes to order the living world around them. Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 4 Types of taxonomies Folk Artificial Mechanical Natural (evolutionay) Phylogenetic (cladistic) Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 5 Types of taxonomies Folk Artificial Mechanical Natural (evolutionay) Phylogenetic (cladistic) Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 6 Types of taxonomies Folk Artificial Mechanical Natural (Evolutionary) Phylogenetic (cladistic)
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Page 2 Organizing the living world BIO1130 Organismal Biology Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 7 Evolutionary taxonomies Homoplasy - homologous Advanced - primitive characters Weight for the different characters Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 8 Homologies and homoplasies Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 9 Darwin’s five theories - Common ancestry Comparative anatomy Homology – Divergent evolution Hyomandibula Inner ear Brain Skull Throat Ear drum Stapes Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM BIO1130 Organismal Biology 10 Homoplasic structures Université d’Ottawa / University of Ottawa 10:22 AM
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course SCIENCE BIO1130 taught by Professor Fenwick during the Spring '11 term at University of Ottawa.

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Organizing the living world - Organizing the living world...

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