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Photosynthesis - Calvin Cycle a biochemical pathway of...

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Photosynthesis Autotroph - organism that produces its own nutrients from inorganic substances or from the environment instead of consuming other organisms Photosynthesis - the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide and water to to produce carbohydrates and oxygen Heterotroph - an organism that obtains organic food molecules by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot synthesize organic compounds from inorganic materials Light Reactions - the initial reactions in photosynthesis, which are triggered by the absorbtion of light by photosystems I and II and include the passage of electrons along the electron transport chains, the production of NADPH and oxygen gas, and the synthesis of ATP through chemiosmosis
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Unformatted text preview: Calvin Cycle - a biochemical pathway of photosynthesis in which carbon dioxide is converted into glucose using ATP Chloroplast- an organelle found in plant and algae cells where photosynthesis occurs Thylakoid- a membrane system found within chloroplasts that contains the components for photosynthesis Granum- a stack of thylakoids in a chloroplast Stroma- in plants, the solution that surrounds the thylakoids in a chloroplast Pigment- a substance that gives another substance or mixture its color Chlorophyll- a green pigment that is present in most plant cells, that gives plants their characteristic green color, and that reacts with sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to form carbohydrates...
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