EXE Sentence Structure 2 - Exe c utive Eng lis h Pro pe rty...

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Executive Englis h Property of Defens e Information School Public Affairs Department Fort George G. Meade, Md. 2003 Send comments and ques tions to Mrs . Faye B. Jones . Jones [email protected] .os d.mil
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Sentence Structure 2 Parallel Structure Misplaced Modifiers Dangling Modifiers Double Negatives
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Directions for Exercises Use the SLIDESHOW view. The view buttons are located above the START button. If you are using the worksheet for this lecture, do not correct a sentence until prompted to do so by the slide. Do not work ahead. Use the arrow keys on the keyboard so that the items are revealed properly.
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Directions for Exercises You will be given a rule and some examples. Next you will be given a chance to try the rule and fix a sentence in your head. After the “Try it” slide, you will be instructed to fix a sentence on the computer lecture worksheet.
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    PARALLEL  CONSTRUCTION
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PARALLEL CONSTRUCTION Parallel construction is the principle of expressing simila r ideas in a similar way. Problem: Giving is better than to receive. Repair 1: To give is better than to receive. Repair 2: Giving is better than receiving.
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Order of Complexities Words Phrases prepositional infinitive gerund Clauses subject/verb
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PARALLEL CONSTRUCTION Connect words with words. Babe Ruth was a kind and famous man. Connect phrases with phrases of the same type. He liked to pitch and to bat. Connect clauses with clauses. He was a man who played hard and who expected others to play hard.
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In a Series Apply parallel construction whenever you use the coordinating conjunctions and, but and or. They generally connect words or word groups of the same type. Keep a series in parallel construction.
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In a Series If the first item in a series is a noun object, all the other items should be noun objects also. Series = ( ___ , ___ and ___ ) Problem: Rose does her work with willingness , speed and accurately . Repaired: Rose does her work with willingness , speed and accuracy .
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Try it. Mentally reword one of the parallel elements so that its structure matches the structure of the others. Problem: The new cars are tested for speed, comfort and if they are safe. Repaired : The new cars are tested for speed, comfort and safety.
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In a Comparison Apply parallel construction whenever you make a comparison. (___ than ___) Problem: Understanding a foreign language is easier than to speak it. Repair 1: Understanding a foreign language is easier than speaking it. Repair 2: To understand a foreign language is easier than to speak it.
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Try it.   Mentally reword one of the parallel elements so that its structure matches the structure of the others.
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