EXE Comma 1 - Exe c utive Eng lis h Pro pe rty o f De fe ns...

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Executive Englis h Property of Defens e Information School Public Affairs Department Fort George G. Meade, Md. 2003 Send comments and ques tions to Mrs . Faye B. Jones . Jones [email protected] .os d.mil
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    COMMAS AS SEPARATERS Commas 1
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GOALS Use commas correctly, according to the comma rules presented in this lecture. Compound Sentence Comma Introductory Fragment Comma Simple Series Comma Complex Series Comma
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Pause Method Most people were taught one comma rule: to insert a comma for a pause in the sentence. The pause method should be used only as a tip to check an area for the need of a comma.
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Word Groups Cause Pauses. Phrases and clauses are groups of words that function as a word or a concept. These word groups create slight pauses in the sentence that do not necessarily require commas. The man ran because a bear was chasing him. (No comma before “because.” The dependent clause explains “why” he ran, and it completes the meaning.)
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Comma Rules The basic comma rules will be presented in this lecture. Commas should be applied only in sentence situations that require commas.
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Comma Rules There are obscure exceptions to every grammar and punctuation rule, but these comma rules are accurate about 95% of the time for the sentence situations presented.
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Stylebook Open your Associated Press Stylebook to the punctuation section in the back of the book to the section on commas . Keep the book open during this lecture for reference.
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Directions for Exercises Use the SLIDESHOW view. The view buttons are located above the START button. If you are using the worksheet for this lecture, do not correct a sentence until prompted to do so by the slide. Do not work ahead. Use the arrow keys on the keyboard so that the items are revealed properly.
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Directions for Exercises You will be given a rule and some examples. Next you will be given a chance to try the rule and fix a sentence in your head. After the “Try it” slide, you will be instructed to fix a sentence on the computer lecture worksheet.
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    COMPOUND SENTENCE COMMAS
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Compound Sentence A compound sentence is composed of two or more independent clauses (each with its own subject and verb) with no dependent clauses. The tires are new , and they are still under warranty. The car broke down , so we had it towed to the mechanic.
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Independent Clauses A clause is a group of words containing a subject acting on a verb. An independent clause has a subject, a verb and a complete thought. Roosters crow early in the morning.
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Dependent Clauses A dependent clause has a subject and a verb, but the completion of the thought depends on another independent clause in the same sentence.
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