REV Essential.Nonessential.Clauses

REV Essential.Nonessential.Clauses - Essential/Nonessential...

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Essential/Nonessential Clauses
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Directions There is no worksheet for this exercise. Do the exercises mentally.
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Facts Nonessential clauses need commas. Essential clauses do not need commas. “Which” is used in nonessential clauses that refer to inanimate objects and animals. “That” is used in essential clauses that identify a certain group of objects or animals.
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Facts Nonessential clauses need commas. Essential clauses do not need commas. “Who” and “whom” are used in nonessential and essential clauses that refer back to people.
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NONESSENTIAL CLAUSE HINT If you can replace the clause with the phrase “ by the way ,” then the clause is usually nonessential and needs commas. The U.S. flag which has 50 stars originally had 13 stars. TEST: The U.S. flag, by the way , originally had 13 stars. A: The U.S. flag , which has 50 stars, originally had 13 stars.
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ESSENTIAL CLAUSE HINT If you cannot replace the clause with the phrase “by the way,” then the clause is usually essential and cannot be cut off by commas. Children who brush their teeth before bedtime have few cavities. TEST: Children, by the way , have few cavities. (The meaning changed.) A: Children who brush their teeth before bedtime have few cavities.
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Directions Insert commas where they are needed. Insert the word which or that in the blanks in the clauses that describe animals or things. Use which if commas are needed. The words who and whom are used in clauses to describe people. These words are intentionally provided. You must decide whether the commas are needed or not.
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Directions
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2011 for the course DINFOS PAQC taught by Professor Various during the Spring '11 term at Park.

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REV Essential.Nonessential.Clauses - Essential/Nonessential...

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