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EXE Pronouns 3 Problems & Who.Whom

EXE Pronouns 3 Problems & Who.Whom - Exe c utive...

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Executive Englis h Property of Defens e Information School Public Affairs Department Fort George G. Meade, Md. 2003 Send comments and ques tions to Mrs . Faye B. Jones . [email protected]
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Pronoun Problems III Who – Whom
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Goals Use who and whom correctly according to function within the clause. Use pronouns correctly in appositives . Use pronouns correctly in comparisons . Use reflexive pronouns correctly.
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Who/Whom
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WHO/WHOM RULES Use “who” when the pronoun is the subject-actor. (HE - WHO) If he can be substituted for the who/whom choice in the sentence, then the subject pronoun who is needed .
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PERSONAL SUBJECT PRONOUNS Subject erb I We You You He She They It Who 1 2 3
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“WHO” = Subject Pronoun Since “who” belongs to the subject pronoun group, you can substitute another pronoun from the same group in its place. We do not know (w ) hit the car . He hit the car. he/who We do not know who hit the car .
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WHO/WHOM RULES Use “whom” when the pronoun is the object of the verb or preposition. (HIM - WHOM) If him can be substituted for the who/whom choice in the sentence, then the object pronoun whom is needed.
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PERSONAL OBJECT PRONOUNS Object erb me us you you him her them it whom
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“WHOM” = Object Pronoun Since “whom” belongs to the object pronoun group, you can substitute another pronoun from the same group in its place. We do not know (w ) the police have arrested. The police arrested him . him/whom We do not know whom the police have arrested.
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“Whom” is a Rebel! “Whom” is slightly irregular. “Whom” is not always located after the verb or preposition that affects it. The man whom I was thinking of is ready to start the job. whom I was thinking of I was thinking of whom I was thinking of him .
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WHO/WHOM RULES “Whom” is used in prepositional phrases as a simple object of the preposition. To whom am I speaking? For whom will the bells toll?
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WHO - WHOM (HE - WHO) If he can be substituted in the sentence, then the subject pronoun who is needed . (HIM - WHOM) If him can be substituted in the sentence, then the object pronoun whom is needed.
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WHO/WHOM SECRET #1: Questions Substitution of another pronoun for the who/whom choice will not work in a question. Change the question around into a statement with the substitution. W___ picked the music? He picked the music. he/who Who picked the music?
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Turn questions into statements. If the sentence is a question, change the question into a statement using he or him . W did the captain choose? The captain chose him . him/whom Whom did the captain choose?
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WHO/WHOM SECRET #2: Adjective Clauses If the who/whom choice is in an adjective clause within the sentence, isolate the clause from the sentence. Substitute he or him for the who/whom choice.
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