Day 3 worksheets - Day 3 Syllabus Topics Commas to Separate...

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Day 3 Syllabus Topics: Commas to Separate Commas to Enclose 1. Computer Lecture -- Executive English : Comma 1 (Take notes on Computer Lecture Notes sheet. Use Computer Lecture Worksheet.) 2. Worksheet: Commas that Separate (The answers are in the PAQC file.) 3. Computer Lecture -- Executive English : Comma 2 (Take notes on Computer Lecture Notes sheet. Use Computer Lecture Worksheet.) 4. Worksheet: Commas with Essential & Nonessential Clauses (The answers are on the S drive, PAQC, Student Drive, Journalism S drive, PAQC, Student Drive, Journalism.) 5. Worksheet: All Comma Rules Review (The answers are on the S drive, PAQC, Student Drive, Journalism S drive, PAQC, Student Drive, Journalism.) Retrieve the Executive English program by clicking the following commands on the computer: Start / My Computer / Student “S” Drive / PAQC/Student Drive/Journalism. Retrieve the Mastering English Grammar program by clicking the following commands on the computer: Start / Program / Windows Explorer / Student Drive / Mgrammar / Q Cdmenu.exe.
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COMMA RULES COMMA RULES COMMAS AS SEPARATERS 1. COMMAS IN COMPOUND SENTENCES Use a comma before a coordinating conjunction when it connects two independent clauses. 2. Compound Verb Do not use a comma before the conjunction if the subject of the two clauses is the same and is not repeated in the second clause. 3. INTRODUCTORY FRAGMENT COMMAS Use commas to set off introductory clauses and phrases. 4. SIMPLE SERIES COMMAS In journalism, do not use a comma before the concluding conjunction in a simple series. 5. COMPLEX SERIES COMMAS (and-and) Use a comma before the concluding conjunction if the last two elements of the series require a conjunction. 6. COMPLEX SERIES Use a comma before the concluding conjunction in a complex series of phrases or dependent clauses. COMMAS AS INTERRUPTERS 7. NONESSENTIAL CLAUSES
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If the clause is additional information that is not essential to give meaning to another word in the sentence, use commas. 8. Essential Describing Clauses If a clause describes the word preceding it, it is essential and must not be cut off from the word that it is describing by commas. 9. That, Which, Who, Whom Use who and whom in referring to people and animals with names. Use that and which in referring to inanimate objects and animals without a name. 10. COMMAS WITH APPOSITIVES Appositives: An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames the noun immediately preceding it. Some appositives require commas. Others do not. If the appositive is nonessential, use commas. Identification First If the word preceding the appositive identifies the person or thing more precisely than the appositive, put commas around the appositive. One of a Kind If the information preceding the appositive identifies the appositive as one of a kind, put commas around the appositive.
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