Canada Geo - oct 19th

Canada Geo - oct 19th - Canada Geo Oct 19th 2011 2 The...

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Canada Geo – Oct 19 th , 2011 2. The Industrial Heartland - map of area The Great Lakes – St. Lawrence Lowlands: Canada’s Industrial Heartland Introduction: - Heartland: a geographic area in which a nation’s industry, population and political power are concentrated; also known as a “core” (see Bone, Ch1) - “Main Street” – Canadian equivalent to U.S. “Megalopolis” (BOSNYWASH Boston to Washington named by?) megalopolis means…?? - Area = 175,000 km squared (1.8% of Canada) - > 55% of Canada’s population (“…a concentration greater than that in the core of any developed nation…” Yeates, 1997) - 6 of 10 largest CMA’s; 18 pf 33 CMAs - Density >100 persons/km squared (10x higher than anywhere else in Canada) - 93% of Ontario’s population lives in this region; 80% of Quebec’s population lives in this region (Montreal, Quebec City + Trois Rivieres) - Ontario/Quebec together account for 62% of Canada’s population, most of which lives in the Heartland - Problem/challenge of regional boundaries: o Text: Treats Ontario and Quebec (entire provinces) as separate regions o Lectures: Treats southernmost parts of Ont/Quebec as one region – industrial Heartland Treats the northernmost of Ont/Quebec as belonging to the Near North and/or the Far North (see maps) Questions: - 1. What factors underlie the heartland status of this region? - 2. What are the impacts/consequences of this type of development on people and the environment in this region (and in other regions)? Historical Development of the Industrial Heartland to 1850 - 3 sets of characteristics: o 1. Physical – climate; soils; transportation; energy o 2. Cultural – French/English o 3. Economic – resources +trade – creation of wealth - “The remarkable paradox” – 2 distinct linguistic/cultural regions (faultline) – cultural/social disunity YET, AT THE SAME TIME, economic unity - Toponyms – place names: o Upper Canada = Canada West = S. Ontario o Lower Canada = Canada East = S. Quebec - Staples theory – economic development linked to export of resources to external markets - Harold Innis “The Fur Trade” - Fish, fur, timber, wheat - Late 18 th century o Upper Canada – largely unsettled interior of eastern North America o Lower Canada – “New France” – French settlement along St. Lawrence River; o Seigneurial system of land tenure featured long, narrow lots of land with access to river front
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o Struggle between Britain/France for control of North America culminates in British victory (over France) on the Plains of Abraham (1759) - Map Ruperts land belonged to the Hudson Bay company for many years - Settlement of Upper Canada: o United Empire Loyalists (1770s-1800) o War of 1812 Year Population 1842 450,000 1851 952,000 1860 1,400,000 o Location of settlement influenced by soils, water transportation o Maps showing pattern of settlement in Upper and Lower Canada
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Canada Geo - oct 19th - Canada Geo Oct 19th 2011 2 The...

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