geog oct 13 lecture

geog oct 13 lecture - GEOG 2RC3 Part III: Regions of Canada...

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GEOG 2RC3 Part III: Regions of Canada Atlantic Canada (Bone, ch 9 ) - Map of area Intro - Recent colonial history (esp Newfoundland) - Changing “space relations” o 19 th century – strong regional economy o 20 th century – peripheral position in national economy “supply” region, i.e., hinterland/periphery region Bone (Ch.1) – downward transitional region - Defining characteristics – orientation to the sea (livelihood, settlement pattern, economic activities, etc) o What happens when this disappears? - Questions: Why did Atlantic Canada NOT remain a “ gateway ” to Canada (as compared to the Atlantic Seaboard of the United States)? Why did this gateway function shift to “central” Canada? - Geographical and political fragmentation of this region - <2% of Canada’s area (excluding Labrador) - 5.4% of Canada’s area (including Labrador) o Does Labrador “belong” to this region? - 7.2% (2.3 million) of Canada’s population (2006) - Share of Canada’s GDP 6.0% (see table 9.1; figure 9.1) - 3 CMAs 1996 2001 2006 Halifax 332,000 359,000 372,858 St. John’s 174,000 173,000 181,113 St. John 125,000 123,000 122,389 - Population density – 4.9 persons/km - Population growth rate less than national average in postwar era, despite high birth rate – WHY? o High outmigration rate throughout post WWII era, resulting in a high dependency ratio trend that young ppl (15 – 25 yrs old??) moving out and old people staying– especially in Newfoundland - The most rural of Canada’s regions: o Urban % Rural % o Nfld* 57.7 42.3 o NS 55.8 44.2 o PEI 44.8 55.2
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o NB 50.4 49.6 o Can 79.7 20.3 Including Labrador - side note that I didn’t get????? - Economy (see table 9.3, 9.4, p. 379) o Primary Sector – decreasing (cod fishery collapse) o Secondary Sector – “underdeveloped” o Tertiary Sector – (surprisingly?) greater share than any other region --> because a significant number of military forces are based in Atlantic Canada (this is the main reason), also a lot of call
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geog oct 13 lecture - GEOG 2RC3 Part III: Regions of Canada...

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