Study Guide #1_Spring 2006

Study Guide #1_Spring 2006 - difference engine EDVAC ENIAC...

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Study Guide (February 3, 2006) for CSC 100 Exam #1 (February 8, 2006) 1. Know the definitions of the following terms/concepts or their significance. abacus addressibility ALU ASCII batch processing Binary Number System bit buffer BUS byte (Mega/Giga) cache memory computer computer word control unit data base direct access FAT field file formatting hertz (Mega/Giga) interactive processing machine/instruction cycle main memory microcomputer microsecond millisecond nanosecond paging parallel processing pipelining RAM real time processing record register ROM secondary storage segmentation sequential access STORED PROGRAM CONCEPT virtual memory 2. Know the major contributions to the development of computers by the following historical figures A. Blaise Pascal B. Wilhelm Von Leibnitz C. Joseph Jacquard D. Charles Babbage E. Ada Lovelace F. William Burroughs G. Herman Hollerith I. John Von Neumann 3. Know the significance of the following machines/devices ABC computer analytical engine
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Unformatted text preview: difference engine EDVAC ENIAC Mark I Tabulating Machine UNIVAC 4. Know the important distinguishing characteristic between computer generations: A. technology B. speed of instruction execution C. elements per component D. memory capacity E. cost per 100,000 computations 5. Know what the five major components of a computer (hardware) are and what their purpose/function are. 6. Know the four logical sections of Main Memory. 7. Know the five phases of the Machine cycle and what happens in each phase. 8. Know the seven types of registers and what each does. 9. Know the three subgroups of BUSs and what each does. 10. Know what the two techniques of implementing Virtual memory are. 11. Know what the hierarchy of secondary storage is (files, records, etc.). 12. Know the four types of secondary storage. 13. Know the three types of processing. 14. Know what the Non-von Neumann types of computer architectures are....
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