majnoo - Question 1 In the rightful words of Veblen,...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Question 1 In the rightful words of Veblen, “institutions are habitual methods of carrying on the life process of the community” [1899, 193]. Veblen stresses that both individuals and groups develop various habits in their course of life and they pursue their goals and interests following these habits. According to Ken McCormick, individuals develop “personal habits” and groups develop “group habits” which eventually transforms to “social conventions”. An institution covers a wide range of human thoughts and activities. These institutional habits become a way of life; a standard that needs to be followed by all. “Under the discipline of habituation this logic and apparatus of ways and means falls into conventional lines, acquires the consistency of custom and prescription, and so takes on an institutional character and force.” as said by Veblen. Habits are acquired while growing up. McCormick mentions habits are passed on from one generation to the other in the form of rightful customs and traditions, religion, behaviour, mannerisms, etc. Thus, habits and instincts form a complex institution itself, which then passes on this legacy of habits to subsequent generations. These thoughts are highly durable in one’s mind and reflexes as they are acquired out of practice and not logic. They become a rule rather than a voluntary thought. These basic instincts lead to an enormous pressure in order to match one’s society’s conventions and norms. Violation of these norms may lead to a penalty by law or isolation by the society he/she belongs or both. Habitual behaviour on the other hand, simplifies our otherwise complex life. It helps us to make faster and simple decisions as they are manly instinctive. Habitual behaviour embodied in the institutions also helps in organising a society, starting from the family level and going upto the national or even international level. These instincts and habits results in a consensus
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
among the people belonging to a society, which is a pre-requisite for a harmonious and ordered society. Along with its brighter side McCormick also points out the darker side of institutions. All institutions do not organize and maintain a well-ordered society. Some are just illogical and innocuous. A variety of superstitions fall into this category. Some institutions which try to preserve social hierarchies are simply heinous and harmful to mankind and specially a particular sub-section of the society. According to Veblen, the worst effect of institutions is to create false boundaries of nationalism which further intensifies in my opinion to regionalism. As habits simplify our daily thoughts and take the form of institutions, people observe and follow it blindly. These institutions become a way of life and the order of the day. They become the ‘right’ thing to do and they are considered ‘correct’ and ‘normal’.
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 9

majnoo - Question 1 In the rightful words of Veblen,...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online