History 134A Exam I Study Guide - UC Berkeley: History 134A...

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Unformatted text preview: UC Berkeley: History 134A Exam I Study Guide Terms: Lecture I: Legacies of the 18 th Century (1/24/08) Cahokia First thriving urban settlement (city) in North America (11 th-14 th cent.) Population ~ 30,000 People Walled Cities From 3000BCE to 1500CE, cities were typically walled Places for people to band together for protection Most cities in the U.S. were unwalled NY the only city in U.S. with a wall (Wall street) Walking Cities 17 th and 18 th centuries Cities were compact, waterfront areas No reliance on public transportation People knew one another World of strangers had not developed yet, No experience of the foreign crowd 5 Colonial Cities Five main colonial cities (17 th-18 th century):- Boston, Massachusetts- Newport, Rhode Island- New York, New York- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania- Charleston, N. Carolina There were only five major cities in the U.S. during the colonial Urban Slavery Cities were racially heterogeneous African American slavery was prevalent in cities, but the nature of it was different By the time abolition laws were passed, the proportion of African Americans in the cities diminished Anti-urban ideology Cities had a bad reputation in 18 th cent. America Thomas Jefferson/John Adams both opposed to idea of cities would destroy morality and cause political instability Cities also places for diseases to spread Pinkster Spring time Pentecost festival Initially brought to America by Dutch immigrants, associated with Afr. Americans in 18 th cent Week of merrymaking, debauchery, inversions of social hierarchies An example of older traditions of festivity and a new process of cultural borrowing Tontine Coffee House Near the end of the 18 th century 1790s, became very popular/crowded within years of its opening Located on the corner of Wall Street in NY Good example of the public period They were quite small (walking cities) They were located in the North near waterfront areas Rioting Long history of riots in urban America Classic Riot: 50-100 people destroying property against some kind of grievance Involved disguise/ritual humiliation sphere during the early period of urbanization Central location for the exchange of newspapers, discourse, and ideas Location of NYs first taxi spot Lecture II: Paper Cities (1/29/08) Laws of the Indies (1573) Spanish Pueblos regulated 1573 by King Phillip II One of the first examples of city planning Designed around central Square Plazas Dimensions planned based on existing population size (meant to be small) Grid During the formation of various cities in the 19 th century Recto-linear gridding, a result of Jeffersons vision of how land should be formed Parallel streets; rows and columns of streetsnot designed by relationship to central plaza (like Spanish Pueblos) Designed commoditize land American cities planned/gridded...
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History 134A Exam I Study Guide - UC Berkeley: History 134A...

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