Exam Four Study Guide

Exam Four Study Guide - Exam Four Study Guide 1 Discuss the...

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Exam Four Study Guide 1. Discuss the richest source of stored chemical energy in the body. a. An animal’s diet. 2. What qualifies certain nutrients to be considered “essential” in the diets of some animals? a. Essential nutrients are required by cells and must be obtained from dietary sources. 3. List the vitamins according to whether they’re fat soluble or water-soluble. a. Fat-soluble: A, D, E, K b. Water-soluble: B, C 4. Describe the process of absorption, hydrolysis, digestion, ingestion, and elimination in human nutrition. a. Absorption a.i. Uptake of nutrients by body cells a.ii. Occurs mostly in the small intestine a.iii. Passes into blood vessels through diffusion into the simple columnar epithelial tissue of the small intestine b. Hydrolysis b.i. Enzymatic hydrolysis splits bonds into molecules with the addition of water c. Digestion c.i. Breaking down food into absorbable molecules c.ii. Mechanical digestion increases surface area c.iii. Chemical digestion splits food into small molecules that can pass through membranes and later go on to build larger molecules c.iv. Mouth (mastication) esophagus stomach (HCl) chime sent to the small intestine large intestine defecation d. Ingestion d.i. The act of eating or drinking
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course BIO 200 taught by Professor Ejiofor during the Fall '11 term at TN State.

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Exam Four Study Guide - Exam Four Study Guide 1 Discuss the...

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