Abstract for Robert Kelly

Abstract for Robert Kelly - Early stone toolmakers...

Info icon This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Abstract ABSTRACT “Lithic Analysis: Chipped Stone Tools and Waste Flakes in Archaeology” by Robert Kelly Lithic analysis is the study of stone tools and waste flakes from their manufacture and maintenance. Stone tools and waste flakes are the earliest record of tool making by our ancestors. Archaeologists have to distinguish between tools made by humans and rocks shaped through natural processes. One way to determine if it is a tool is to compare where the rock is found with where the rock originally came from. If the tool is located at a higher elevation than the rock’s original location, a human was probably involved. Also, archaeologists can set up experiments to simulate how the stones break apart through various natural processes to get an idea of how frequently tool shapes appear. They can compare this to how many tools they find in the site.
Image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Early stone toolmakers primarily used flint, chert, jasper, and obsidian. They used the direct percussion method for making their tools. In direct percussion, the toolmaker strikes the stone (core) with a hammer. There are two types of hammers: hard and soft. Hard hammers are typically fist-size cobblestones, and soft hammers are typically antlers or wood. A more refined method, indirect percussion uses a hard hammer with an antler punch for a more direct force against the core. After removing the flake from the core, early peoples could further modify the flake by knapping it from both sides. This results in a bifacial tool. Using these methods, the humans created projectile points for hunting, scrapers for scraping, and drills for drilling....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern