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Anthro 1 Outline - Anthropology 1 Exam 1 Study Outline I...

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Anthropology 1 Exam 1 Study Outline I. Chapter 1: Introduction A. Introduction 1. Definitions a) Hominidae—the taxonomic family to which humans belong b) Hominids—a colloquial term for members of the family Hominidae, which includes all bipedal  homonoids back to the divergence from African great apes c) Bipedally—on two feet d) Species—a group of organisms that can interbreed to produce fertile offspring. e) Primates—members of the order of mammals Primates f) Savannah—a large flat grassland with scattered trees and shrubs g) Evolution—a change in the genetic structure of a population h) Adaptation—Functional response of organisms or populations to the environment i) Microevolution—small genetic changes that occur within a species j) Macroevolution—changes that occur only after many generations, such as the appearance of a  new species k) Culture—All aspects of human adaptation, including technology, traditions, language, religions,  etc l) World View—general cultural orientation or perspective shared by members of a society m) Behavior—anything organisms do that involves action in response to internal or external stimuli;  the response of an individual or group to its environment n) Predisposition—the capacity or inclination to do something. o) Biocultural evolution—the mutual, interactive evolution of human biology and cultures; the concept 
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that biology makes culture possible and that developing culture further influences the direction of  biological evolution; a basic concept in understanding the unique components of human evolution. B. What is Anthropology? 1. Anthropology is the study of humans. The difference between anthropology and other disciplines is that  anthropology integrates the findings of the other disciplines. There is cultural, physical, and archaeological  anthropology. 2. Definitions: a) Anthropology—the field of inquiry that studies human culture and evolutionary aspects of human  biology includes cultural, archaeology, linguistics and physical or biological C. Cultural Anthropology 1. Cultural anthropology is the study of all aspects of human behavior. 2. Definitions: a) Ethnographies—detailed descriptive studies of human societies D. Archaeology 1. Archaeology is the study of earlier cultures and lifeways by anthropologists who specialize in the  scientific recovery, analysis and interpretation of the material remains of human groups who lived in the  past.
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