lec20 - LECTURE 20: Interference, Diffraction, Resolution

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
LECTURE 20: Interference, Diffraction, Resolution http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/image/0507/47tuc_chandra_f.jpg
Background image of page 2
11/6/11 3 Interference *Three ways in which the phase difference between two waves can change: 1. By traveling though media of different indexes of refraction 2. By traveling along paths of different lengths 3. By reflection from a boundary A wave will undergo a 0.5 wavelength phase shift if it reflects off a medium with higher index of refraction
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
11/6/11 4 Interference: Double Slit (for very narrow slits) *The phase difference between two waves can change if the waves travel paths of different lengths. Interference maxima for d sin θ m = m λ , m = 0,1,2,. .. Interference minima for d sin m = m + 1 2 , m = .. Flaring of light
Background image of page 4
11/6/11 5 Interference: Double Slit ( DEMO ) two slits Laser ( L ight A mplification by S timulated E mission of R adiation) He, Ne laser Interference patterns visible on screen (Coherent light source)
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
11/6/11 6 Diffraction * Recall that when a wave encounters an edge, obstacle, or aperture with a size much bigger than its wavelength λ ( d<< λ ) , light travels in a straight line as rays and a sharp bright image of the slit is formed on the screen. This regime is called geometrical optics . * However, when a wave encounters an edge, obstacle, or aperture with a size comparable to its wavelength λ ( d ≈λ ) , those waves spread out. This effect is called diffraction. This regime is called wave optics (geometrical optics is no longer a good approximation).
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course PHYS 220 taught by Professor Chang during the Spring '09 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

Page1 / 23

lec20 - LECTURE 20: Interference, Diffraction, Resolution

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online