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Exam3 Review.Japan.Fall.09

Exam3 Review.Japan.Fall.09 - Four distinctive...

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Four distinctive characteristics of Japanese culture and art: Attention to seasonal changes, life is fleeting, everything is transient, impermanent; Attention given to details and materiality of objects, the surfacing decoration, arrangement of patterns on a flat surface ( mono no aware ) Assimilation and appropriation of other cultures, China, Korea, and the West and transcending beyond; The dichotomy between feminine and masculine, between the militant (the Samurai – “the sword”) and the pacifistic (Zen “the chrysanthemum”), between the court and the Samurai, between the outsider and insider.
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Mirror with two chokkomon bands, from Ōtsuka Tomb, Kyūshū prefecture. Early Kofun period, c. 300-450. Bronze, d. 28 cm (11 in.) Imperial Household Agency (Fig. 14)
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Introduction of Buddhism Asuka period 552 – 645
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The Hōryū-ji ( 法法法 ) compound, Temple of Flourishing Law, late 7 th . Century. Nara Prefecture. (Fig. 17)
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*** Tori Busshi, Shaka Triad , in the Kondō, Hōryū-ji, Dated 623. Gilt bronze, h. 46 in. Asuka period.
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The Tamamushi Shrine, c. 650. Cypress and camphor wood, with lacquer; h. 7 ft (2.13 m), Hōryū-ji Treasure House. Nara. (Fig. 19, 20)
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Meditating bodhisattva ( Chūgū-ji Miroku ), camphor wood, Asuka period, early 7 th . Century. H. 126 cm, Chūgū-ji nunnery, Hōryū-ji, Nara. (Fig. 25)
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Heian Period - (794-1185) The Coming of Age of a Native Aesthetics.
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Taizōkai (Womb Mandala), hanging scroll, color on silk, 183x154 cm, late 9 th . Century (859-890), Kyōogokokuji, Kyoto, (re: Fig. 45)
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Hōōdō (Phoenix Hall), Heina Period, c. 1053, Byōdōin Monastery, Uji, Kyoto (Fig. 50)
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11 nenbutsu – the repeated invocation of “Amida Buddha” Raigō
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Jōchō’s masterpiece, the Amida Buddha, (Fig. 51) gold leaf and lacquer on wood, H. 295 cm, Hōōdō (Phoenix Hall), Heina Period, c. 1053 Byōdōin Monastery, Uji, Kyoto
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Section of a painted wood door of Middle Class and Upper Rank rebirth (Fig. 54), in the Hōōdo , showing Amida and a celestial host descending toward the house of the deceased. C. 1053. Byōdōin Temple of Uji, Kyoto prefecture
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Emakimono (pictures rolled) Kara-e Yamato-e
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