K3_grammar_summary

K3_grammar_summary - Summary [Lesson '12] l. The...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Summary [Lesson '12] l. The noun-modifying form for 1ir’erbs - ~ow mast) ~03 fol-Al: The order in which VI St V2 occur is crucial. 3. U] (PK .— p \_-' t3) (3) CK AI =11: "3.101 a 17:1 Vii-'- Polo 11*: al-% 33.1 mi 5.1] 9 ‘Ti’5".7l iii 1d Ali—:17"- CK “all. fil VP] 1“: lit/1H1 polo fillff-L. The clausal connective ~33 A'h’t‘PI-tvl {sequential} [EH—=1 9 Ell-Al; E’JJDL $19 Efl'Di-Jl] m ["'~l-‘.T—J'~'l"¢11r>ll vi—a s a a. —) we? 1? a aux-r ritual] so??? or sea-1;: so Ira—me =1. —) sea-Ir. a-J. axe-:1- :1. ~31: V] 3;. V2 can occur in random order. ~fl ‘I guess', ‘You must be" [532-17] 9 t'l-D: $3-; 11' Mill 9 11' Mtall-D: 5%.] l. A: 713'} ALT-1“.- Dl- 33. 5;:- “10.10: it. B: '1'. El] t1? H1] .1137 3'10: it. (you must be...) 2. A: D: 1-H Flt-'1 0]] 11-03 :1. B: '1'. El] t1? $32-91; flit): $3-. t it must have been...) 3. A: ?l' £165 it? B: 01-17- 9.. {l ELF. £10: #1. t for mitigation purpose} The sentence ending 411.3 [$32-17] 9 J's-ll] :1; :I-LT] 9 :I-l'l] :1] 1. a. a o.- on 1:1 a Ii-‘t r1 mats-1:0: a. B: M 1-H as 2. A: 0‘ Alf-l? 15!} +14? on P... B: Ll-‘rt H‘ sit-1] i1"! Irregular predicates in f-a-f [not for the final] The final consonant f fr! is omitted before ending beginning with to f: 1-13—17]: i.-‘_.f+01 a- 9 all it; ails-moirol-A-i); 5-3 via-a] rebut): 21:11] i1}; :1 Hair -} When the ending begins with a consonant. f of is preserved: I]: i.-1:+ sv- o a st?- r1; or :; other for“ irregular predicates: 0' 1-1317], Kl #1317], 5;] film] L.—_ :3}: 1:11 goal-1111 airgst-q‘ 2-] rig-1:11 etc fl-t~91f‘31;0: to '.' i.” 1(1 t“) -- -.-J — 1:- Summary [Lesson '13] l. Vowel in your 1'i’erb stem is i , -I.; -0]. - The benefaetive expression: V -¢If¢-l— #1:]- All Other VOWEISI {a} ~Diffil- "~l R- “Please do... for me.’ “'1 ale? r] a; 1.? 93’. rtsl- a] r] :1. Exception: 5'] Fl 9 Eli 5111'] [13] wire]- arr-r- 0‘ air-'rlx-‘f- alt-"i" 0‘- s-) “to do sit for sfo‘ L'l'sr 17 “that *3 sin] “Ht”:- E'l'r—‘l =1; LUV-l '91- 0: 1-Il r1 6H LEA-'3‘ :1. {c} ~DifDi- -."- )‘if'-'i= “’3 95' Thank you for “Ii-:1.- st'rri 9'3- JLL-i-at a; 14-1 :a- fill »*~'= 9'3- serial-1111. 5.)] V ~IEJE 7113 ‘will' I Es presses the Sp‘s willingness, assurance, er premise to tie sit for the listener‘s sake. I It’s used with first person (I, we) subject only. I It‘s never used with a question. A: 5”]- “ =9.- €141- EH it? A: L'i---.' r'vt' 1? 3‘- “Hi Vim] 5—? E B: 1-H '3]— ?l {7; iii] #1. {volunteering} "1i i? "3} '3 “i '1‘} Eli Q-atflswniflg} Noun llffl-Eu-Oi] ‘heenuse of Neun‘ 0:1” #3 'rrici‘ {2103 21-] 31-15101] .'-u'. 31-03 Q“ a A ownsennwnwwwhssds. 2 fiffl'flflflukuunbie. e swlsssuwisowss ~fl~ ‘will‘ ‘must he‘ Mostly used with fixed es pressiens. A slot-Xi $1103 $2-. wt 5:", ‘11- s}?! :11 1-H :1. “must be” “musthave hie-elf _. . _. U- 1-” k (a r.) u- 11! £11 0- fl“ ~O-Iffi'I-‘5‘F 5i 13} ‘ml'St‘ thaw mi 1. drop «41 from the [gt-lite form ‘1). 7L..- F‘.- E- 01] s3. 3‘1 Via]: 5i] 3‘1. its 6'1 Hi Is 1'?— r-i‘ etc-tat: sis [ti-1'- s a 1.1] 35'] v“ I'J' “1.1 1:] a}: 313— t1_-_ ,VL p a V: 9 is] a]: flzl B- 1] si] " 1.1107: #3 'rlrtci‘ 9,101 21-] :é'-1ll-aj|e];§'_g [£1.71] s1] #1 | ‘ i] Summary [Lesson 14] 1. g." Noun 40111414 'because I amj'you arefhe,she,it is [subject : Noun] op] AH z]-1—:]—A| all—jg—a—HEL AH z]-Mi-T]J\] 6 AH z]-O]E]- + :‘12HAI ‘3’]%O}i‘7]'*l 1.44%} 71' H913. 01%01L-11-A] e 01%01E1- + Eli-13A] But not: o: ‘4 *H :4- ml at on a 611*] 61: ER 2:. wmsumwnaaflmaae. C —01 EM V 4% Verb ~31 141413. 'Please don't..." ’3]. 573011” ‘i‘i'HHg 33-0th "1' it] 53—. “H: %’=‘.% ‘2‘ 7‘1 “12313-. Irregualr predicates in -.E_‘ H: L“ H tug—um. fllit - EH32 same grew argon LR it}: Lia—+33 a -‘f-:...+01£L a .51:- +o}£—L 9 2-613 11"] it}: till] ‘3. + 0H1 9 13"}? + 0}}1 9 “3' + 0H1 9 “EH-El The negative: ~21 $9315} ‘cannot, not be able to” Lfl Htmflj‘] 01.1] it] A] 1"._ [11} 2t filo-E _I 1111—1 vs. dif- Htmfl'fil OPE]. 75—} ’35;- [E‘ ‘33‘5’13-1 at} + ~21 a 12121 Eam- The adverbial form ~71I ‘fl' %_E-'Hi. 3'1?“ ‘il‘i‘ft/Hl EL. 3'1-flr+ J“ 9 F’H 31"}3‘7“ 13. flint}. 31315} +._;rn 9 £24213” [Lesson 15] 1. 3. 4. he clausal connective: Verb ~31 Ll-Al ‘after’ own # Compound verbs [a] Millfl-‘Jl- + 71-Fl-HPIl-f Ell-l El- ;lo} 71:}; glen} Rt} d of M}; d of _Q_ L}; d o} L.}L} L} (b) wolfl-‘Jl- + other verbs acme a0}?! I} (c) ~.‘u-'. + 7M! REM Ell-1 E1- El-jL 71-17]- ; El-jL _Q_El— j El-jL El-L} t]- 7,311 71:}; 7,}1 3,117}; 7,}1 El-L} E]- [d) ~Fl- + verbs 72:} er} 72:} Test} The particle ~°ll ‘for, per’ in} 'at, in” [Static location] flol Elli? 1) V1) 7l' ‘ifl-‘Ol ‘ilglil. Eb} 'to‘ [destination] 73].;L LEL-l'fil 313.1“4l'oll 7l'fl- Kc} 'at, on, in” [film] Ol-‘f‘loll 3.1% Ci} *Ml "ilC’lL-lfl. [{1} 't'olu Der" ('iliciloll fill—Ml All ‘1! 543L- Cf. Sequential “DU 6 No tense with ~31 Elli mm :a?% {Midli- floll keel 7P~lf=k7hl W‘- 3&5? °§§l% 13%013- * means ungrannnatical VE-fil llH Vl but not *T2"C’l/Ol ll ‘51 and The clausal connective: ~(3)E"lj_)~l ‘Wllile n-ing’ o]. ween :3H6H2L_ v—en C—eeflfi 12401113421130 GIG-1&- ‘1—1_ \‘_\_" E E"I a. The noun-modifying form for Verbs ~( 57.)?1 (future verb Stem mime ir— 21c}! 81c} (possibilityfability) .-"\i flit—1; '41 E1 L11] 1&5} :1- $3101 3-; “11W*W&H%“mfifl. m %flw&w%~mmfly HIWMLJEE%M1. Summary [Lesson 16] 1. Verb Stem ~°1foi 51.5}- ‘try doing" 51: 21 e n01 61 4-011 71- 2.1.in 31. ow 11-;<.-}.1|_;g_ 51.13]- (iixl‘flfli‘x— fl]. Ei— al‘! 91! — JAE} 171:2! — Lit} Fixed expressions: EM Elf-Hie ask); 9&0. ‘75- ~°if°]- 5.55} vs. VHS. ~01m1- Eeq 1:]. 3’1117} (main) v5_ _‘_3 ii] Fi- (hone-rifle) Perso 11 $171?“ Person ’4! Person 01! 7]— 3?—0—1’--} .‘ 1 if] 43—17} Person Jr'ii f’xl -'_T'-— I} ‘ 1—23! I} Negation: ~21 gulf Written: 491-31:- {fi- 1-7;???“ 7]— fifii 397.] Colloquin]: 3):;- 1—: a} 7]— L4 if— rl-j 7“! {ag- The nominalizer ~71 el-‘Jf'oi #91 *1 '{1-011 Eff}? 1 | sun's}?! 71- 5:; use] iii-flaw. mom. The clausal connective ~71 IRE-0| [re 9 flit} (to recognize1 inquire into) fii l gleflngnanl 3;" eeng gunning? _l I 9351-} Hi. Oifl? (seeking agreement} ason) oi ‘31 "Fl an {-3.- on OLE—Hi0} ‘6'“ “i 5'? 51- 9} 79115111'01] %7]] 221' '7} [11] :TE-Oii Ci}. ’5] :32: ‘Iirioiki'i‘hifl. (include past tense) :wIHfi—Liti- Verb-"719 Noun ...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online