Project Final Report
The format given here is fairly standard for technical reports, though some variations are acceptable. The
basic elements of a report (title, abstract, introduction, methods and materials, results, discussion and
conclusions, and references) are also standard for articles in many professional journals. If you think you
have the makings of a publishable article, read the last section of this handout
you write your
The writing you've already done for your project--your original proposal and subsequent progress report--
may well be of use to you (perhaps with updating) in writing your final report or article. For example, you
should be able to adapt your analysis of the problem, review of recent literature, and statement of purpose
and approach for the introduction to your report. Furthermore, the criteria for evaluating your work, which
you established in your proposal, should serve as a basis for your report's discussion section. Of course,
you may want to revise your earlier ideas in light of what you've discovered in the meantime. As you
organize your work into the sections described below, remember that you may want additional
subsections with headings that help to focus your work.
Precede the body of your report with a title page, a table of contents, and an abstract.
I. Title Page
Your title should be concise, specific, and informative; each word should add meaningful information.
Choose words that readers would logically employ as "keywords" if they were searching a database or
index to find a paper on this subject. Avoid abbreviations, formulas, and specialized jargon that might
unnecessarily limit your audience.
II. Table of Contents
Your report should include both a table of contents and a list of the titles and page numbers of any figures
An abstract is a 100-200 word summary of your project that should be understandable in itself, apart from
the rest of the report. The purpose of the abstract is to inform your readers of the essential details of your
report (or article), thus allowing them to determine whether or not they need or want to read the entire
abstract simply describes what the report includes, listing what's covered without