modern humans for BB part 2

modern humans for BB part 2 - Lascaux France Aurignacian...

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Unformatted text preview: Lascaux, France Aurignacian: 32-43 KY Earliest European Upper Paleolithic Culture (Blade, burin and bone technology) Chatelperronian: transitional between Mousterian (Middle Paleolithic) and Upper Paleolithic; 32-36 Ky The Human Revolution Anatomically and behaviorally modern Anatomically behaviorally humans humans Dispersal of humans around world, even into Dispersal very harsh environments very More elaborate tool kit used Europe: “Upper Paleolithic” stone blades, bone Europe: and antler tools and Shelters, hearths more substantial Symbolic Behavior Ritual burial, art, jewelry Long distance transport of exotic goods Shells and amber for jewelry, stone for tools An African Origin for the Human Revolution? Human Earliest blade tools found in East Africa (c. 280 Ka.) 1st Bone Tools? Semliki, Democratic Republic of Congo, 90 Ky? 1st abstract symbols? Blombos Cave, South Africa, ca. ca. 75 Ky Blombos Cave, South Africa, jewelry at ca. 75 Ky Mortuary Practices? Herto, Ethiopia, 160 Ky Humans in Australia by about 50,000 years ago. Boats must have been used! Homo floresiensis (The Hobbit) (The Flores Hominids Flores Cranium of adult Cranium female Homo floresiensis from floresiensis Flores, Indonesia, dated 18,000 ya. dated Brain similar to Homo erectus Homo Primitive wrist bones Primitive Large, flat feet with a short big toe toe Hominids from Flores Island, Indonesia probably population of H. erectus that was isolated, became dwarfed. Replaced by modern humans perhaps 10-15,000 years ago Dwarfed population of Homo erectus? erectus Origins and Spread of H. sapiens H. Related to: 1. Development of sophisticated, Development symbolic language? symbolic 2. Cumulative cultural change? 3. Or did H. sapiens simply have a Or H. larger population size? larger Language Origins Language is the key human adaptation. Did hominids prior to H. sapiens have a fully modern capacity for language? Culture as Adaptation: Cumulative Cultural Change Modern human cultural change is cumulative. Cultural change was much slower in earlier species of Homo. Did H. sapiens have a larger population size? Modern Humans Today Modern Questions Questions 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. When and where did anatomically modern humans When first appear? first Name some anatomical features of modern humans. What does the mitochondrial DNA evidence say about What Neanderthals? Neanderthals? What is the “Human Revolution”? What are the different hypotheses for the origins of What modern human? modern What are the hypotheses for why humans were able to What populate the globe? populate What are the Aurignacian and Chatelperronian? What types of art did early modern humans make? What is unique about Homo floresiensis? What Homo Have a great day! Have ...
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