Unformatted text preview: Lascaux, France Aurignacian: 32-43 KY
Culture (Blade, burin
and bone technology) Chatelperronian: transitional between Mousterian
(Middle Paleolithic) and Upper Paleolithic; 32-36 Ky The Human Revolution Anatomically and behaviorally modern
humans Dispersal of humans around world, even into
very harsh environments
very More elaborate tool kit used Europe: “Upper Paleolithic” stone blades, bone
and antler tools
and Shelters, hearths more substantial Symbolic Behavior Ritual burial, art, jewelry Long distance transport of exotic goods
Shells and amber for jewelry, stone for tools An African Origin for the
Human Earliest blade tools found in East
Africa (c. 280 Ka.) 1st Bone Tools?
Congo, 90 Ky? 1st abstract symbols?
South Africa, ca.
ca. 75 Ky Blombos Cave, South Africa,
jewelry at ca. 75 Ky Mortuary Practices?
Herto, Ethiopia, 160
Ky Humans in
been used! Homo floresiensis
(The Flores Hominids
Flores Cranium of adult
dated 18,000 ya.
dated Brain similar to Homo erectus
Homo Primitive wrist bones
Primitive Large, flat feet with a short big
toe Hominids from Flores Island, Indonesia
probably population of H. erectus
that was isolated, became dwarfed.
Replaced by modern humans
perhaps 10-15,000 years ago Dwarfed population of Homo
erectus Origins and Spread of H. sapiens
1. Development of sophisticated,
2. Cumulative cultural change?
3. Or did H. sapiens simply have a
larger population size?
larger Language Origins Language is the key human adaptation. Did hominids prior to H.
sapiens have a fully modern capacity for language? Culture as Adaptation:
Cumulative Cultural Change Modern human cultural change is
cumulative. Cultural change was
much slower in earlier species of
Homo. Did H. sapiens have a
larger population size? Modern Humans Today
9. When and where did anatomically modern humans
Name some anatomical features of modern humans.
What does the mitochondrial DNA evidence say about
What is the “Human Revolution”?
What are the different hypotheses for the origins of
What are the hypotheses for why humans were able to
populate the globe?
What are the Aurignacian and Chatelperronian?
What types of art did early modern humans make?
What is unique about Homo floresiensis?
Homo Have a great day!
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- Spring '11
- Human Evolution, Neanderthal, modern humans, H. Sapiens