QUIZ 1 ANSWER KEY - ENGR 111, Fall 2011 QUIZ 1...

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Unformatted text preview: ENGR 111, Fall 2011 QUIZ 1 ANSWER KEY October 3, 2011 1. A business owned by a single individual is called a: A. corporation. B. sole proprietorship. C. general partnership. D. limited partnership. E. limited liability company 2. The primary goal of financial management is to: A. maximize current dividends per share of the existing stock. B. maximize the current value per share of the existing stock. C. avoid financial distress. D. minimize operational costs and maximize firm efficiency. E. maintain steady growth in both sales and net earnings 3. Agency costs refer to: A. the total dividends paid to stockholders over the lifetime of a firm. B. the costs that result from default and bankruptcy of a firm. C. corporate income subject to double taxation. D. the costs of any conflicts of interest between stockholders and management. E. the total interest paid to creditors over the lifetime of the firm. 4. A stakeholder is: A. any person or entity that owns shares of stock of a corporation. B. any person or entity that has voting rights based on stock ownership of a corporation. C. a person who initially started a firm and currently has management control over the cash flows of the firm due to his/her current ownership of company stock. D. a creditor to whom the firm currently owes money and who consequently has a claim on the cash flows of the firm. E. any person or entity other than a stockholder or creditor who potentially has a claim on the cash flows of the firm. 5. Working capital management includes decisions concerning which of the following? I. accounts payable II. long ­term debt III. accounts receivable IV. inventory A. I and II only B. I and III only C. II and IV only D. I, II, and III only E. I, III, and IV only 6. A general partner: A. has less legal liability than a limited partner. B. has more management responsibility than a limited partner. C. faces double taxation whereas a limited partner does not. D. cannot lose more than the amount of his/her equity investment. E. is the term applied only to corporations which invest in partnerships 7. Which one of the following actions by a financial manager creates an agency problem? A. refusing to borrow money when doing so will create losses for the firm B. refusing to lower selling prices if doing so will reduce the net profits C. agreeing to expand the company at the expense of stockholders' value D. agreeing to pay bonuses based on the book value of the company stock E. increasing current costs in order to increase the market value of the stockholders' equity 8. Insider trading is: A. legal. B. illegal. C. impossible to have in our efficient market. D. discouraged, but legal. E. list only the securities of the largest firms. 9. Managers are encouraged to act in shareholders' interests by: A. shareholder election of a board of directors who select management. B. the threat of a takeover by another firm. C. compensation contracts that tie compensation to corporate success. D. Both A and B. E. All of the above. 10. Suppose you own 100 shares of IBM stock which you intend to sell today. Since you will sell it in the secondary market, IBM will receive no direct cash flows as a consequence of your sale. Why, then, should IBM's management care about the price you get for your shares? The current market price of IBM stock reflects, among other things, market opinion about the quality of firm management. If the shareholder's sale price is low, this indirectly reflects on the reputation of the managers, as well as potentially impacting their standing in the employment market. Alternatively, if the sale price is high, this indicates that the market believes current management is increasing firm value and therefore doing a good job ...
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