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PSCI 101 Mid-Term 1 review sheet-333333

PSCI 101 Mid-Term 1 review sheet-333333 - REVIEW SHEET...

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REVIEW SHEET – MID-TERM #1 PSCI 101 – AMERICAN NATIONAL GOVERNMENT In class reading : the materials need to read carefully!! Below is a list of major terms/concepts that have been covered in the readings and/or class discussions to date in PSCI 101. Please note : this list is *not* intended to be a comprehensive study guide. (That is: everything in the readings and class discussions is “fair game” for the exam.) This guide is intended only to remind students of major themes/concepts found in the class materials and discussions. representative democracy Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principle of elected individuals representing the people, as opposed to autocracy and direct democracy . checks and balances The American constitutional system includes a notion known as the Separation of Powers . In this system, several branches of government are created and power is shared between them. At the same time, the powers of one branch can be challenged by another branch. This is what the system of checks and balances is all about. There are three branches in the United States government as established by the Constitution. First, the Legislative branch makes the law. Second, the Executive branch executes the law. Last, the Judicial branch interprets the law. Each branch has an effect on the other. John Locke John Locke :29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704), widely known as the Father of Liberalism , He was an English philosopher and physician regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers. His contributions to classical republicanism and liberal theory are reflected in the American Declaration of Independence . Declaration of Independence
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The Declaration of Independence was a statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which announced that the thirteen American colonies then at war with Great Britain regarded themselves as independent states, and no longer a part of the British Empire . natural rights Natural and legal rights are two types of rights theoretically distinct according to philosophers and political scientists . Natural rights , also called inalienable rights , are considered to be self-evident and universal . They are not contingent upon the laws, customs, or beliefs of any particular culture or government. Legal rights , such as constitutional rights, common law rights, and statutory rights, are bestowed under a particular political and legal system; they are relative to specific cultures and governments. Legal rights are enumerated in constitutions, in statutes (by a legislative body), in case law (especially in countries with a common law tradition), in treaties, and in administrative regulations. social contract theory
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PSCI 101 Mid-Term 1 review sheet-333333 - REVIEW SHEET...

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