Exam 2 memory error

Exam 2 memory error

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Unformatted text preview: Memory Errors Making inferences and scripts False memory Schemas Memory can be influenced by inferences that people make, based on their experiences and knowledge Pragmatic inference Remember information that was expected, rather than explicitly stated Bransford & Johnson (1973) – in book Bransford, Barclay, & Franks (1972) People heard sentences, and were then asked to recognize the EXACT sentences they heard. The recognition test included sentences that were reasonable or unreasonable inferences of the original sentence. 1 Memory Errors Heard: (a) Three turtles rested beside a floating log, and a fish swam beneath them Unreasonable because them means turtles but it means log Tested: (b) Three turtles rested beside a floating log, and a fish swam beneath it • (b) is not a reasonable inference from (a) Heard: (c) Three turtles rested on a floating log, and a fish swam beneath them Resonable inference because things are in the same postition Tested: (d) Three turtles rested on a floating log, and a fish swam beneath it • (d) is a reasonable inference from (c) Reasonable inferences were more often falsely recognized Results: ___________ inferences were more often falsely recognized People who had heard (c) falsely recognized ( d) People who had heard (a) did not falsely recognize (b) Conclusion: Background knowledge can lead us to remember inferences rather than actual events 2 Memory Errors Office schema- desks, chairs, etc Schema A person’s knowledge about objects, situations, and events acquired from past experience Going to a restaurant because there is a structure to it, Order, get food, pay, etc e.g., office schema Script Our...
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