Exam 3 bilingualism

Exam 3 bilingualism - Bilingualism Bilingualism Terminology...

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Bilingualism 1 Bilingualism Terminology L1 vs. L2 Simultaneous vs. sequential bilinguals Additive vs. subtractive bilingualism Bilingualism Early research 1950s: bilingual deficits 1960s: bilingual advantages Methodological problems – Proficiency in the language used for testing – Vague or nonexisting criteria for defining bilinguality – Absence of appropriate controls Research Questions How are languages mentally represented in bilinguals? What are the cognitive advantages and disadvantages of bilingualism?
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2 How are languages represented in bilinguals? Single-system hypothesis Two languages are represented in one memory system Semantic Memory L1 Lexicon L2 Lexicon How are languages represented in bilinguals? Dual-system hypothesis Two languages are represented by separate memory systems L1 Semantic Memory L1 Lexicon L2 Lexicon L2 Semantic Memory Aphasic bilinguals Single-system hypothesis: predicts equivalent impairment in the two languages. Dual-system hypothesis: predicts different
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Exam 3 bilingualism - Bilingualism Bilingualism Terminology...

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