Exam 3 Language and thought

Exam 3 Language and thought - Language and Thought What is...

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Language and Thought 1 What is the relationship between language & thought? Watson Language and thought are the same Chomsky Language and thought are independent Piaget Language follows cognition Vygotsky Language and thought are initially separate but become intertwined Sapir-Whorf hypothesis Does the language we speak determine the way we think? – Linguistic determinism (strong) People’s thoughts are determined by the language they speak – Linguistic relativity (weak) People’s thoughts are influenced by the language they speak Whorf (1956) “all observers are not led by the same physical evidence to the same picture of the universe, unless their linguistic backgrounds are similar or in some way can be calibrated.”
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Language and Thought 2 Tests of Sapir-Whorf hypothesis Does language influence color perception? – Winawer et al. (2007) Gilbert et al. (2006) – in book Winawer et al. (2007) Does a culture’s words for color affect what people actually see? Examined perception of colors English language blue Russian language light blues ( goloboy ) dark blues ( siniy ) Color Recognition Task Which square is the same color as the one on top? A B
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Language and Thought 3 Winawer et al. (2007) Manipulated whether bottom two squares were from the same or different Russian category: Winawer et al. (2007) Results Russian speakers responded more quickly when the two bottom squares were from ________ linguistic categories than when they were
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course EXP 3604 taught by Professor Fasig during the Fall '08 term at University of Florida.

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Exam 3 Language and thought - Language and Thought What is...

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