Exam 3 Language production

Exam 3 Language production - Language Production Speech...

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Language Production 1 Lashley (1958) “When we think in words, the thoughts come in grammatical form with subject, verb, object, and modifying clauses falling into place without our having the slightest perception of how the sentence structure is produced.” Speech Production Speech Production Cognitive processes: Conceptualizing the idea Lexical selection Phonological encoding Articulation How do we study speech production? Errors give us insight into how speech production “should” function – Picture naming – Speech errors – Tip-of-the-tongue (TOT) states
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Language Production 2 Picture Naming Participants name pictures as quickly and as accurately as possible: – Pretty easy, right? – Now let’s pair it with a “distractor” word • Picture-word interference Ignore the word and name the picture: Picture-Word Interference Picture-Word Interference Results – Semantically-related distractors slow picture naming • Reflects competition for _____________ – Phonologically-related words speed picture naming • Once lexical selection occurs, overlap in phonology facilitates __________________
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Language Production 3 Observational methods – Examine the distribution of errors in large samples of spontaneous speech (e.g., Fromkin, 1971; Garrett, 1975) Experimental methods – Error elicitation
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Exam 3 Language production - Language Production Speech...

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