Exam 3 Tip of the Tongue States

Exam 3 Tip of the Tongue States - Tip-of-the-Tongue (TOT)...

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Tip-of-the-Tongue (TOT) States 1 What is a TOT state? A temporary inability to recall a known word Accompanied by a strong feeling of knowing the word and a sense of imminent retrieval Cognitive processes of speech production Conceptualizing the idea Lexical selection Phonological encoding unsuccessful = TOT Why do TOTs occur? Transmission Deficit Model of TOTs (MacKay & Burke, 1990) TOTs are caused by weak connections between a word and its phonology What weakens these connections? Low frequency of use Non-recent use The normal aging process
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2 Are mammals MARSUPIAL /soo/ Live in Australia Kangaroos are a type of /m/ /ä/ /r/ /mär/ /s/ /p/ /ē/ /oo/ /əl/ /ə/ /l/ /pē/ Increasing TOT resolution When having a TOT, reading “primes” that contain the TOT word’s phonology facilitates word retrieval. James & Burke (2000) • Reading aloud abstract , indigent , truncate , tradition , and locate (relative to reading phonologically unrelated words) resolved TOTs for abdicate . Abrams, White, & Eitel (2003) Which aspects of a word's phonology are critical for determining resolution of TOT states? First syllable
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Exam 3 Tip of the Tongue States - Tip-of-the-Tongue (TOT)...

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