Exam 3 Understanding sentences and discourse

Exam 3 Understanding sentences and discourse -...

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Comprehension: Understanding Sentences and Discourse 1 Semantics Meanings of words and sentences Syntax Rules for combining words into sentences e.g., word order They function independently Components of Sentences Examples Which sentence’s meaning makes sense? The duck waddled over to the bread . The duck the bread to waddled over. Yoda 900 hundred years old I am When nine hundred years old you reach, look as good you will no, hmm? Syntax Understanding a sentence requires parsing Grouping words into phrases Figuring out who did what to whom and when Comprehending Sentences
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Comprehension: Understanding Sentences and Discourse 2 Syntax-First Approach to Parsing Syntax determines parsing Group phrases based on late closure Garden path sentences: The cotton clothing is made of grows in Mississippi Initially, parse “cotton clothing” together, but realize that is wrong when “grows” is encountered Interactionist Approach to Parsing Semantics comes into play early as a sentence is being read Parsing can be influenced by the meanings of words Example Trueswell et al. (1994) Parsing can be influenced by environmental setting Tanenhaus et al. (1995) – in book Interactionist Approach to
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Exam 3 Understanding sentences and discourse -...

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