Chapter 2 - Self- has 3 components- self-concept,...

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Self - has 3 components- self-concept, self-awareness and self-esteem Self-awareness - the ability to step outside yourself; view yourself as a unique person distinct from your surrounding environment and reflect on your thoughts, feelings and behavior. o Social comparison - observing and assigning meaning to others’ behavior and them comparing their behavior against ours Self-concept - your overall perception of who you are. It is based on beliefs, attitudes and values you have about yourself. o Looking-glass self - the impact that labeling has on our self-concepts o Self concepts often lead us to make self-fulfilling prophecies - predictions about future interactions that lead us to behave in ways that ensure the interaction unfolds as we predicted. Example: you think you are a great communicator. You go to a job interview and are calm and confident because you think so. This creates success in the interview. Self-esteem - the overall value that we assign ourselves. It strongly shapes your interpersonal communication, relationships and general outlook on life. Self-discrepancy theory - suggests that your self-esteem is determined by how you compare to 2 mental standards. According to this theory, you feel happy and content when your perception of you self matches both your ideal and ought selves. Ideal self - the characteristics you want to possess based on your desires. The “perfect you”. These characteristics can be mental, physical, emotional, material and even spiritual. Ought self - the person others wish and expect you to be. It stems from expectations from family, friends, colleagues and romantic partners as well as cultural norms. Gender - the composite of social, psychological and cultural attributes that characterize us as male or female. It is arguably the most profound outside force shaping our sense of self. Attachment anxiety - the degree to which a person fears rejection by relationship partners. High anxiety attachment means you perceive yourself as unlovable and unworthy, and in close relationships you have chronic fear of abandonment. Low attachment anxiety means you feel lovable and worthy of attention. Attachment avoidance - the degree to which someone desires close interpersonal ties. High attachment avoidance means you’ll likely experience little interest in intimacy, preferring solitude instead. Low attachment avoidance means you seek intimacy and interdependence with others, having learned in youth that such connections are essential for happiness and well-being. 4 Attachment styles derive from these 2 dimensions ^^
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course COM 225 taught by Professor Morrison during the Fall '08 term at Michigan State University.

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Chapter 2 - Self- has 3 components- self-concept,...

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