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Chinese Religions Session 1

Chinese Religions Session 1 - -Junzi nobleman…ideal human...

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Chinese Religions Session 1: Origins—November 8, 2011 1. The Boundaries of China - Term China derives from Qin - Zhongguo: The Central Kingdom 2. Chinese Syncretism - 4 traditions practiced simultaneously (Traditional Spirit Religion, Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism) 1. Ancient Shang Dynasty (~15 th -~11 th Century BCE) - Divination: looking at the cracks - Premised on the idea that nothing is random - Spirits and the Human Realm - Spirits were immediately accessible to humans, must be aware - King: Shangdi, the Lord on High - Humans had business transactions with the spirits - Ancestor Religion - Paying attention to those that came before you - Ancestors went to the spirit world, continued to be present - Tomb Sweeping Day, Taiwan - If you don’t acknowledge ancestors they will take the form of a ghost 2. The Zhou Dynasty (11 th -3 rd Century BCE) - Rise of personal God - Tian - The Mandate from Heaven 3. Era of the Warring States and the Masters (6 th -2 nd Century BCE) - Confucious (551-479 BCE) - Names: Ch’iu K’ung, Kong Zi, K’ung fu-tzu
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Unformatted text preview: -Junzi: nobleman…ideal human - Ren: human heartedness, sincere feeling of compassion, putting others first- Lao Zi (? 604BCE- ?)- Traditional founder of Daoism- Lao Zi: Old master- Dao De Jing- Difficult to translate- Dao that can be spoken is not the eternal Dao- Way of humanity- De: what you do when you are guided by Dao Other Religious Forms Mozi: religion of gods that loved people Xiwangmu Daoist Offshoots 4. Han Dynasty (202 BCE to 220 CE) and the Rise of Confucianism- Confucianism becomes prominent religion 5. The Era of Great Diversity (220 CE-844)- China is in a period of disunity- The Rise of Buddhism 1. Royal Patronage 2. Synthesize with Daoism 3. Rise of Purland Buddhism and Chan (Zen)- New Kinds of Daoism- Obtaining long life and immortality- Qi- T’ai Chi: cross between mediation and excersise-Isle of the Blessed: people who were forever young and happy- The Great Persecution (843-5)- Emperor Wung Zu- Banned all religion 6....
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