comm 190 - 9/7/112 Comm 190 Notes Classical Hollywood Style...

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9/7/112 Comm 190 Notes Classical Hollywood Style The economics of the shot Classical Hollywood style- Most important term of the semester. *Final thought on early cinema: *Recall Main objects: *Fantastic, everyday life, modern technology Staged narrative sequences *Porter’s great train recovery (1902) - Helped provide a practical justification that movies should be used to tell stories *staged visual jokes *Cultural and geographic difference (ex Moscow in winter) -film helped make the world smaller *Human sexuality -film helped represent human sexuality How and why did the movies develop primarily as a narrative medium? How in just 50 years was a move like The Maltese Falcon possible? Growth of Hollywood Film iNdustry Early cinema 1895-1910(roughly) Most early movie production companies were associate w/inventors & “stars.” - Edison company, American Mutoscope(biograph company) (Dickson),Buster Keaton, Charlie Chaplin. -Stars were commonly the producers of their movies. * 1900-1908: rampant paten disputes- *1908: Motion Pitcure Patents company- a group of companies, (Edison, biograph, American, vitagraph, Melies, others), came to gether, stopped suing each other, and locked everyone else out of the film business and patents. Known as the Edison Trust. Start of Hollywood: Those who were not in the “trust”, moved west to Hollywood California to utilize the same technologies without being caught. Companies: Independent Moving picture (1909/1911 Imp Merger (1912) (Universal) United Artists (1919) Where is the money in movies? Companies understood that viewers wanted to watch movies, and not wait in long lines for single viewings. So they created
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Theatrical Exhibitions -used for mass viewings Growth of Industrial production -As a result, efficiency and cost-effectiveness was developed -they also wanted to maximize their profits. Why narrative cinema? Relationship to theater *Many “non-narrative” films still suggested a story.-there were still story telling components that helped bring about the concept. How to construct and convey film narratives efficiently and cost-effectively? *economics of film Production- Increased attention to “the shot” The shot- The fundamental unit of film aesthetics: as the atom is to chemistry, so to is the shot to film making. - Partly determined by economics -unedited/uncut piece of exposed film (kolker, p. 39) -it’s similar to parts of an assembly line. Idea is to make it so that at the end of the film, the shots come together to make one meaningful film. Film aesthetics 9-12-2011 The classical Hollywood Style: ( Type of shots +arrangement: Editing -Meaning of film -failure to arrange shots can leave the viewer’s not understanding the meaning of the film Types of shots in Narrative Film: *Long shot (LS) -the camera is at a very significant distance from the objects and events being filmed -its emphasizes space, size and scale -it emphasizes scenery and background over and beyond the characters *Medium shot (MS)
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2011 for the course CMCL-C 392 taught by Professor Segal during the Fall '10 term at Indiana.

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comm 190 - 9/7/112 Comm 190 Notes Classical Hollywood Style...

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