In these chapters, Voltaire especially attacked intolerance, injustice, and cruelty in the Church as he saw it. Once more he made a tacit plea for the use of reason and the rejection of superstition. He first leveled his critical guns at individual members of the Church who ignored their sacerdotal vows and failed to follow vocation. The social disease that Pangloss caught from Paquette was traced to a "very learned Franciscan" and later to a Jesuit. There are anti-religious satire and a rejection of the Providential theory (that of a benign God who remains concerned with the condition of humanity) in the details relating to the charitable Anabaptist, who continued to be his brother's keeper at the cost of his life. The brute whose life he had saved swam safely to shore. Primarily it is the account of the auto-da-fé that is most devastating. The term, a Portuguese one,
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