The incident is exhausting, and Buck staggers along the trail, completely worn out. The nasty tempered Spitz takes Buck's weakened condition as an opportunity to attack him once more, and twice he tears Buck's flesh to the bone. François, however, is close by, and using the whip, he beats Spitz away. But Buck can no longer forgive Spitz, and from this moment on, it is all-out war between Spitz and Buck. Buck constantly challenges Spitz's authority and uses every chance he can to undermine Spitz's authority. London writes that it was "inevitable that the fight for leadership should come." Buck's pride is such that he does not like to be subservient to any dog — most of all to Spitz.All the way to Dawson, there is continual bickering between Buck and Spitz, and this conflict is
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