The old woman - Theoldwoman' taleofadventure, .

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The old woman's story is one of the several examples of digression so characteristic of the romantic  tale of adventure, but it provides the author with new opportunity to attack the Leibnitzian optimistic  philosophy as well as to shoot his barbs of satire at other targets. The prime evidence of pervading  evil in this section of  Candide  is the carnage of warfare. Voltaire had already established his strong  views on war in the account of the Bulgarian-Abarian conflict; now he reinforced them. The conflict  depicted here was far more brutal than that of Western Europe. The girl arrived in Morocco to find it  swimming in blood as brother fought brother in the worst kind of war, a civil one. The anti-war satire  was carried forward in the account of the conflict between the Turks and the Russians with its  attendant horrors, especially those visited upon the helpless civilians.
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